Degree apprenticeships are a new qualification which allow you to combine practical, workplace training with a university degree.
This guide answers all the key questions so you can decide if a degree apprenticeship is for you.
What is a degree apprenticeship?
Degree apprenticeships were introduced by the government in 2015 to offer young people a practical route into work as well as some academic background on their subject. They are one of four broad types of apprenticeship.
Degree apprenticeships are set up by the employer, who works with a university to come up with a degree course which provides all the theoretical background behind the job. You'll graduate with a Bachelor's degree (like a BEng in Engineering) or a Master's degree (like an MEng).
Once enrolled, your time is split between university and the workplace. You'll be paid an apprentice wage by your employer throughout the course, which will last at least three years, but could go on much longer.
At the moment, degree apprenticeships are available in England but not Wales, Scotland or Northern Ireland. You can still apply for one in England if you come from one of these countries.
This infographic gives you an overview of degree apprenticeships:
What is the difference between higher and degree apprenticeships?
You may have heard of higher apprenticeships, which sometimes include a university degree as well.
The difference is that all degree apprenticeships include a degree as part of the course, whereas only some higher apprenticeships do.
Why should I do a degree apprenticeship?
Degree apprenticeships are ideal if you know what line of work you want to go into, but also want to study the theory behind what you do from a more academic point-of-view.
This way, you'll get the best of both worlds, gaining a deep understanding of your subject as well as the ability to apply it in the workplace.
Even if you choose to leave the employer you completed your apprenticeship with, you'll be highly employable when you graduate. You'll have a degree, several years of practical experience, workplace skills (sometimes called "soft skills" but nothing to do with kittens), and often practical, work-based qualifications like NVQs (usually called "vocational qualifications") as well.
At times when jobs are scarce and competition is high, having the right experience as well as good qualifications is a great way of setting yourself apart from other candidates. Here are just a few of the desirable skills you'll pick up on a degree apprenticeship:
In this video, Mike talks about why the mix of learning and work in his degree apprenticeship at Aston University is great for him:
Why shouldn't I do a degree apprenticeship?
At the moment, the subjects available tend to be quite technical (see below), with one or two exceptions. If you have your heart set on an arts or humanities degree, a degree apprenticeship is probably not for you.
If you're in sixth form and your A-levels are mainly in the arts and humanities, it might be worth talking to a teacher, careers adviser, or head of sixth form if you're interested in studying for one.
If you're still not sure if a degree apprenticeship is the route for you, this infographic should give you an idea of whether it's a good fit:
What courses can I do?
You can currently apply to study:
- Chartered management
- Digital and technology
- Automotive engineering
- Banking relationship manager
- Chartered surveying
- Electrical systems engineering
- Aerospace engineering
- Aerospace software development
- Defence systems engineering
- Laboratory science
- Power systems
- Public relations (PR)
As you can see from this list, most of the courses are quite technical. However, PR does offer an option if you want to go into the communications industry, and management if you want to work on the more strategic side of a company. The list of courses on offer is expected to grow – so watch this space!
Where will I study?
Many universities are part of the scheme. Where you'll study will depend on the employer and the subject. Universities include:
- Manchester Metropolitan University
- University of Warwick
- Sheffield Hallam University
- University of Exeter
- Bristol University
- Aston University
- University of the West of England
Even though they're are new, there are already courses on offer from some really big names, including:
- Jaguar Land Rover
- EDF Energy
- Virgin Trains
The companies listed above recruited the most degree apprentices in 2015, but plenty of other employers are offering opportunities as well.
Check out this infographic to get a sense of how employers, courses and universities fit together:
Nothing! Like other types of apprenticeship, your employer will pay you a wage.
Pay can vary a lot, but you are guaranteed the minimum apprenticeship wage, which is currently £3.40 an hour. This will go up when you reach the age of 19 and finish your first year. At this point, it will increase to the National Minimum Wage, which will be £4.00 or more, depending on your age.
The government will pay you an additional £2,700 when you successfully complete your apprenticeship.
These figures are correct as of October 2016. Minimum pay rates are generally updated in October.
They're paid for by the employer and the government. The employer pays one third of the cost, and the government pays the remaining two thirds, up to a total of £18,000 in total.
The government also pays some money towards any training and assessment that comes from outside the employer or the university.
If you're a fan of economics, you might be interested to learn that they're paid for out of the government's Apprenticeships Budget!
It very much depends on the employer, but you can expect to spend a lot of time at university and a lot of time in the workplace!
Let's take Jaguar Land Rover's course in Engineering. During the first year, most of term time will be spent learning the fundamental of engineering at university, with vacations spent at a Jaguar Land Rover factory. In second year, you'll up your hours at the plant, and drop your time spent at university. Later on, you'll go on to complete your Engineering degree at a prestigious university.
Because your course is practical and workplace-orientated as well as academic, you'll often complete other qualifications such as NVQs on top of your degree.
What do parents think of them?
Parents think they're amazing, according to a recent survey. More than eight in ten said they'd do one themselves if they were in their children's shoes, and a similar number thought a degree apprenticeship would be more likely to lead to a job than a university degree. Take a look at this infographic to learn more about what mums and dads think:
As we mentioned above, they are mostly available in technical subjects at the moment, so you need to think about whether this fits in with your plans for your education and career.
If you're keen to apply, the chances are you will be able to. Here are the basic requirements which apply to all courses, whatever employer is offering them:
- You must be at least 16
- You must not already be enrolled in further education
Courses are only available in England at the moment, but you can still apply for a degree apprenticeship in England if you come from Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.
Once you've found a course you're interested in, you need to check whether the employer has any of their own requirements on top of the basic ones, and find out whether you meet them.
You generally apply through the employer rather than the university. There are several places where you can search for a degree apprenticeship, including the government's website and UCAS. Some universities advertise them as well.
Here's a quick guide to help speed up the process:
If you like the idea of a degree apprenticeship but think that a traditional university degree might be for you, why not look at the differences?